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1 "... Robert's life was dominated by his struggle to acquire the Kentish manors of Tirlingham, Newington, Eastwell, and Westwood, which his father had settled on Eleanor (1428–1484), daughter of Robert's elder brother, Richard, and wife of Henry Percy, third earl of Northumberland and, by right of his wife, fifth Baron Poynings. Robert claimed these manors as heir by gavelkind. He also claimed Great Perching in Sussex. In the summer of 1450 he was one of a handful of gentry to join the Cade rebellion, apparently acting as Cade's carver and sword-bearer. He may have been motivated by another feud, this time with his stepbrother, William Crowmer (whose mother had been the fourth Lord Poynings's second wife), over the fourth Lord Poynings's moveables (Crowmer was a particular target of the rebels). Robert did not take out a pardon until 1457, in the meantime suffering outlawry and imprisonment, but this did not prevent him from sitting as MP for Sussex from October 1450 to May 1451. In 1458 he married Elizabeth (1429?–1487/8), daughter of Judge William Paston, with whom he had a son, Edward Poynings, the future lord deputy of Ireland. Robert was killed fighting for the Yorkists at the battle of St Albans on 17 February 1461." Poynings, Hon. Robert (I791)
 
2 "A prisoner at Loch Leven after the defeat at Carberry Hill, the Queen was compelled to abdicate 24 July, 1567; escaping from Loch Leven and defeated at Langside, 13 May, 1568, she feld to England, and after 19 years' captivity, was beheaded in Fotheringay Castle, Northants, 8 Feb. 1586-7." (Stewart), Mary Queen of Scots (I261)
 
3 "Being employed to levy in the North an unpopular tax and to inquire into disturbances in the city of York, he was murdered by the rabble at his manor house, Cock Lodge, near Topcliffe, Yorks, 28 Apr. 1489, aged about 40 ..." (Percy), Henry 4th Earl of Northumberland (I763)
 
4 "By the operation of modern doctrine he is held to have been Lord Mowbray and Segrave, but he and his brother John were styled respectively merely Thomas and John Mowbray when they were created Earls." (de Mowbray), Thomas 1st Duke of Norfolk (I740)
 
5 "By this creation Richard III either ignored that of Edward IV or tacitly acknowledged that his nephew was dead." (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
6 "Certainly in or before 1414, by resignation or deprivation, he had ceased to be Earl of Cambridge." (Plantagenet), Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York (I434)
 
7 "Clarence and Isabel were married at Calais on 11 July 1469 in a splendid ceremony attended by five knights of the Garter and solemnized by Warwick's brother Archbishop Neville." Family F191
 
8 "Designated to be created Earl of Lichfield, but was killed commanding the King's Troop of Life Guards at the battle of Rowton Heath, 26 Sept. 1645." Stewart, Lord Bernard (I351)
 
9 "Edmund Tudor was buried at the church of the Greyfriars in Carmarthen. In her first will of 1472 Margaret Beaufort made provision for Edmund's remains to be moved from Carmarthen to a tomb beside her at Bourne, Lincolnshire. In the event, he was left undisturbed until the Reformation, when his tomb was removed to the choir of St. David's Cathedral, where it remains." (Tudor), Edmund 1st Earl of Richmond (I353)
 
10 "From which [office], for certain urgent causes, the King had discharged the Earl of Kent." (de Mowbray), Thomas 1st Duke of Norfolk (I740)
 
11 "He did good service during the Peninsula war in Portugal and Spain, by procuring information for the Duke of Wellington, and in distributing the British Parliamentary grant of £100,000 for the relief of the Portuguese." Croft, Sir John 1st Baronet (I2044)
 
12 "He is said to have had 16 children—8 sons and 2 daughters by the first wife, and 2 sons and 4 daughters by the second." (Howard), Thomas 2nd Duke of Norfolk (I404)
 
13 "He is so referred to in contemporary documents. But it should be noted that he was so styled seven months before he was summoned to Parliament, which suggests that the writ [was] issued in virtue of some other form of creation." (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
14 "He was a very amiable man and with a good understanding, though his talents were far from brilliant. A High Churchman and a High Tory, but a cool politician, a bad speaker, a good writer, greatly averse to changes, but unwillingly acquiescing in many. He was nervous and reserved, with a good deal of humour, and habitually a jester." (Bathurst), Henry 3rd Earl Bathurst (I1255)
 
15 "He was a zealous Yorkist, and was knighted by Edward IV at the battle of Towton, 29 Mar. 1461. ..."  (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
16 "He was summoned to Parliament from 15 Oct. (1470) 49 Hen. VI to 15 Nov. (1482) 22 Edw. IV, by writs directed Johanni Howard de Howard, Militi, and Johanni Howard, Chivaler, whereby he is held to have become Lord Howard." (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
17 "Her body was removed, 13 Oct., to Lambeth (Surrey Arch. Coll., vol. ix, p. 398), where she had prepared her tomb. Her will (abstract, Idem, p. 427), P.C.C., 40 Pynnyng, is signed Agnes Norff.Tylney, Agnes (I693)
 
18 "In 1542 he and his wife, Barbara, conveyed the manor and the advowson of the church of Great Bromley, Essex, to William Cardinal, Gent." Guildford, Sir John (I717)
 
19 "In 1803 Sir John was appointed by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks, then president of the Royal Society, one of his esquires at his installation as a K.B." Croft, Sir John 1st Baronet (I2044)
 
20 "In July 1529, in a deposition as to her presence at the marriage of Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon in 1501, she gave her age as 52 years and more (P.R.O. Dipl. Doc. 1456). She bore the Queen's train at the Coronation of Anne Boleyn, 1 June 1533 (Coll. of Arms MS., WZ, fo. 47); and was godmother to the Princess Mary in 1516, and to Princess Elizabeth in 1533. In an interesting letter to Wolsey in 1528 (L. and P. Hen. VIII, vol. iv, pt. 2, p. 2043) she describes her treatment of her neighbours for the plague or sweating sickness. In 1541 she was imprisoned in the Tower (with her son Lord William Howard and Margaret his wife, and her daughter the Countess of Bridgwater), and attainted for misprision of treason in concealing the "evil life" of her granddaughter, Catherine Howard, before her marriage to the King (Statutes of the Realm, vol. iii, p. 858; Ch. Inq. p. m., Ser. II, 69/160, 189, 192). She was released 5 May 1542." Tylney, Agnes (I693)
 
21 "In Oct. 1382, as the King's kinsman and young knight, he had a hunting licence." (de Mowbray), Thomas 1st Duke of Norfolk (I740)
 
22 "In the Chron. of London (E. Tyrrell) it is stated that at Leicester on Whitsunday (1426) King Harry with his own hands dubbed a number of knights, including Sir George Nevyle, lord of Latymer. As the addition of his style anticipates his succession to the estates by four years, the account is apparently not contemporary." (Neville), George 1st Lord Latimer (I897)
 
23 "In the reign of Henry V, Richard Berners 'had the reputation of a Baron of this realm, though nothing of his creation or summons to Parliament that I could ever see,' says Dugdale, 'doth appear thereof;' ob. 1421, s.p.m.." See Nicolas, reproduced by CourthopeBerners, Richard (I909)
 
24 "It is doubtful if she was fully acknowledged as the king's child, though she received a pension. ... She was reputed to have the power of 'touching for the king's evil.'" Walters, Mary (I255)
 
25 "It is supposed that his remains were removed at the Dissolution, and some say that the brasses were moved to the Howard chapel at Lambeth (Surrey Arch. Coll., vol. ix, p. 397). Will, P.C.C., 23 Bofelde (abstract Idem, vol. ix, p. 427)." (Howard), Thomas 2nd Duke of Norfolk (I404)
 
26 "Judith Wyvill, an ancient gentlewoman." Foster states that this record of burial refers to this Judith Wyvill. Wyvill, Judith (I1735)
 
27 "Opposition to Richard III's seizure of power surfaced quickly, and in July 1483 there was an unsuccessful conspiracy to rescue the two princes from the Tower. But by September Richard's opponents had adopted Henry Tudor as their claimant for the throne, which strongly implies that they believed Edward V and his brother to be dead. The fate of the princes has been the subject of considerable controversy, but their murder on Richard's orders late in the summer of 1483 remains the most probable explanation for their disappearance. The lack of any public statement about their death meant that uncertainties persisted. No pretender emerged in Richard III's own brief reign, but in the 1490s Perkin Warbeck's claims to be Richard, duke of York, gained considerable backing, not all of it factitious."
--Oxford D.N.B. (Rosemary Horrox) 
(Plantagenet), Richard 1st Duke of York (I362)
 
28 "Robert Dyneley, Esquire, lord of the manor of Bramhope," was noted as "a zealous Puritan," and was responsible for the erection of the Puritan chapel there. (Bryan Dale, M.A., "Bramhope Chapel," in "The Bradford Antiquary, The Journal of the Bradford Historical and Antiquarian Society," New Series, Vol. I. (1900), p. 326.)

From Bryan Dale, loc. cit.:

"The old chapel, which stands near Bramhope Hall, three miles from Otley, was built about 250 years ago. It is noteworthy, not for its antiquity or beauty, but on account of its being one of the few religious edifices erected in England during the Puritan Revolution of the middle of the seventeenth century. There was at that time no lack of religious edifices; but there was a serious difference among Englishmen concerning their proper use, and still more concerning the proper limits of Royal and Episcopal authority, which plunged the nation into disastrous civil war. From the calling of the Long Parliament in 1640 to the Restoration in 1660, men had other matters to think about more important than even the building of churches.
"The year 1649, when the chapel was founded, was a notable one. The Parliamentary army had triumphed; on the 30th of January in that year the King was executed; and on the 19th of May England was proclaimed a Commonwealth. Already Episcopacy had been abolished, the Book of Common Prayer removed from the parish churches, and service conducted therein according to the Presbyterian manner. But the government of the National Church remained in an unsettled condition. It was at such a time that Robert Dyneley, Esquire, lord of the manor of Bramhope, being a zealous Puritan, and desirous of promoting the spiritual welfare of his neighbours, erected this chapel on his own ground, and with the co-operation of others endowed it was lands for the maintenance of its minister.
"He was "a branch of a considerable and worthy family," whose pedigree is given by Thoresby, and at greater length by Whitaker. The first of the name was Adam de Dyneley, of Clitheroe, living in the time of Edward II., and holding lands in Dyneley, Lancashire. After several generations William Dyneley, of Bramhope, purchased the manor from Henry, Earl of Cumberland, 38 Henry VIII. His grandson, Robert, was knighted by James I. on his coming from Scotland in 1603; and he married Olave, daughter of Sir Robert Stapleton, of Wighill, who was said to be in Queen Elizabeth's days "the finest gentleman in England next to Sir Philip Sydney." Three or four years after he received the honour of knighthood, his son, Robert Dyneley, with whom we are here more especially concerned, was born at Bramhope; and soon after attaining his majority he married Margaret, the eldest daughter of Sir John Stanhope, of Melford, Kent. Thoresby says: "She was one of the twenty-two children of Sir John and his lady had before either of them was forty years of age." She was herself the mother of three sons and eight daughters, and "lived about sixty years in the happy state of matrimony." Her husband seems to have been a man who loved peace and quietness, and took no active part in the civil strife of the time. He lived on good terms with his neighbours, and was well esteemed for his piety and sound judgment in practical matters. When Parliament granted Lord Fairfax the seigniory of the Isle of Man in 1651 he appointed Robert Dyneley as a commissioner, along with James Chaloner, M.P., and Joshua Witton, M.A. (the learned Puritan Rector of Thornhill) to settle the affairs of the island. His eldest daughter, Margaret, was married to Robert Leaver, of Bolham, in Northumberland, a minister of great sincerity and ability, and like Witton, a Non-conformist. One of Mr. Dyneley's sons died in infancy (1642). Another, William, died of consumption at Bramhope, in 1666. He himself attained a good old age; saw four generations of the neighbouring gentry; outlived the Stuart dynasty; and died the year in which William of Orange was proclaimed.
"Bramhope Hall occupies an elevated position, commanding extensive prospects of the surrounding country, and affording on a clear day a distant view of York Minster. But only the western portion of the old Hall in which Robert Dyneley resided now remains. Having made up his mind to build a chapel near the Hall he was desirous of providing an endowment for it by enclosing a part of the common or waste land of the manor, and sought the assistance of the freeholders for this purpose. Some of these were at first much opposed to the project, but "with pains and patience all consented at last." . . ." [There follow some details of Robert Dyneley's affairs in relation to the chapel and non-conformist preaching.] 
Dyneley, Robert (I1598)
 
29 "She was a legatee in the 1525 will of her father, who bequeathed her 500 marks for her marriage." West, Hon. Barbara (I723)
 
30 "The death of his mother, in Feb. 1483/4, made him, according to modern doctrine, Lord Poynings [1337]." (Percy), Henry 4th Earl of Northumberland (I763)
 
31 "The Earl was made sheriff of Northumberland for life, 14 Aug. 1474, and (by Henry VII) during pleasure, 12 Feb. 1487/8." (Percy), Henry 4th Earl of Northumberland (I763)
 
32 "The style of Lord Egremond was assumed by the (Radcliffe) Earls of Sussex, as representatives of Joan, Lady FitzWauter, one of the coheirs of the Lords Multon (of Egremont)." (Percy), Thomas 1st Baron Egremont (I914)
 
33 "The vacant rectorship caused by the death of Mr. Clowes [Rev. John Clowes (1743–1831), M.A.] in 1831 was filled up by the appointment of Mr. Huntington, on the nomination of Mrs. Byrom, the lady patroness of the church. Mr. Huntington continued rector of St. John's until his death ..." Huntington, Rev. William (I2228)
 
34 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Lennox), Charles 1st Duke of Richmond (I925)
 
35 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Lennox), General Charles 2nd Duke of Richmond (I931)
 
36 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Lennox), Field-Marshal Charles 3rd Duke of Richmond (I937)
 
37 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Lennox), General Charles 4th Duke of Richmond (I945)
 
38 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Gordon-Lennox), Charles 5th Duke of Richmond (I950)
 
39 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Gordon-Lennox), Charles Henry 6th Duke of Richmond (I955)
 
40 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Gordon-Lennox), Colonel Charles Henry 7th Duke of Richmond (I960)
 
41 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Gordon-Lennox), Colonel Charles Henry 8th Duke of Richmond (I969)
 
42 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Gordon-Lennox), Frederick Charles 9th Duke of Richmond (I976)
 
43 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Gordon-Lennox), Charles Henry 10th Duke of Richmond (I979)
 
44 "Torboltoun" (only) in the patent (Mag. Sig.) as quoted in Wood's Douglas, volume ii, page 688, but "Tarbolton" in Scots Peerage, volume v, page 363, and "Methven of Torboltoun" according to the later peerages. See also Cal. S. P. Dom., 1679–80, page 616. (Gordon-Lennox), Charles Henry 11th Duke of Richmond (I982)
 
45 Death by malmsey

"The king certainly led the prosecution of his brother. Edward may, however, have later repented: he had to be pushed into proceeding with Clarence's execution; he provided for an expensive funeral, monument, and chantry foundation at Tewkesbury Abbey; and he is alleged to have bewailed Clarence's death. One modern study regards Clarence's death as a judicial murder organized by the family of the queen, who persuaded King Edward to participate against his better judgement. If the queen really regarded Clarence as a threat to the succession of her son, certainly his removal substantially strengthened the king's authority over his greater subjects, as the Crowland continuator alleged.

"There is no doubt that Clarence was executed for treason in the Tower of London on 18 February 1478. It appears, however, that he was neither hanged nor beheaded, as was normal, but was drowned in a butt of malmsey wine (sweet wine imported from Greece). This strange story occurs in the earliest reports, of Jean de Roye and Mancini, and was evidently known to the Crowland continuator, who declares himself uncertain. No chronicler suggests any other mode of death."

--Oxford D.N.B. (Michael Hicks) 
(Plantagenet), George Duke of Clarence (I368)
 
46 Inq. p. m. 30 Apr. (1476) 16 Edw. IV. (Bourchier), John 1st Lord Berners (I907)
 
47 jure uxoris Guildford, George (I713)
 
48 jure uxoris Guildford, George (I713)
 
49 jure uxoris Guildford, George (I713)
 
50 jure uxoris Croft, Stephen (I2053)
 

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