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1 "... Robert's life was dominated by his struggle to acquire the Kentish manors of Tirlingham, Newington, Eastwell, and Westwood, which his father had settled on Eleanor (1428–1484), daughter of Robert's elder brother, Richard, and wife of Henry Percy, third earl of Northumberland and, by right of his wife, fifth Baron Poynings. Robert claimed these manors as heir by gavelkind. He also claimed Great Perching in Sussex. In the summer of 1450 he was one of a handful of gentry to join the Cade rebellion, apparently acting as Cade's carver and sword-bearer. He may have been motivated by another feud, this time with his stepbrother, William Crowmer (whose mother had been the fourth Lord Poynings's second wife), over the fourth Lord Poynings's moveables (Crowmer was a particular target of the rebels). Robert did not take out a pardon until 1457, in the meantime suffering outlawry and imprisonment, but this did not prevent him from sitting as MP for Sussex from October 1450 to May 1451. In 1458 he married Elizabeth (1429?–1487/8), daughter of Judge William Paston, with whom he had a son, Edward Poynings, the future lord deputy of Ireland. Robert was killed fighting for the Yorkists at the battle of St Albans on 17 February 1461." Poynings, Hon. Robert (I791)
 
2 "A prisoner at Loch Leven after the defeat at Carberry Hill, the Queen was compelled to abdicate 24 July, 1567; escaping from Loch Leven and defeated at Langside, 13 May, 1568, she feld to England, and after 19 years' captivity, was beheaded in Fotheringay Castle, Northants, 8 Feb. 1586-7." (Stewart), Mary Queen of Scots (I261)
 
3 "Being employed to levy in the North an unpopular tax and to inquire into disturbances in the city of York, he was murdered by the rabble at his manor house, Cock Lodge, near Topcliffe, Yorks, 28 Apr. 1489, aged about 40 ..." (Percy), Henry 4th Earl of Northumberland (I763)
 
4 "By the operation of modern doctrine he is held to have been Lord Mowbray and Segrave, but he and his brother John were styled respectively merely Thomas and John Mowbray when they were created Earls." (de Mowbray), Thomas 1st Duke of Norfolk (I740)
 
5 "By this creation Richard III either ignored that of Edward IV or tacitly acknowledged that his nephew was dead." (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
6 "Certainly in or before 1414, by resignation or deprivation, he had ceased to be Earl of Cambridge." (Plantagenet), Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York (I434)
 
7 "Clarence and Isabel were married at Calais on 11 July 1469 in a splendid ceremony attended by five knights of the Garter and solemnized by Warwick's brother Archbishop Neville." Family F191
 
8 "Designated to be created Earl of Lichfield, but was killed commanding the King's Troop of Life Guards at the battle of Rowton Heath, 26 Sept. 1645." Stewart, Lord Bernard (I351)
 
9 "Edmund Tudor was buried at the church of the Greyfriars in Carmarthen. In her first will of 1472 Margaret Beaufort made provision for Edmund's remains to be moved from Carmarthen to a tomb beside her at Bourne, Lincolnshire. In the event, he was left undisturbed until the Reformation, when his tomb was removed to the choir of St. David's Cathedral, where it remains." (Tudor), Edmund 1st Earl of Richmond (I353)
 
10 "From which [office], for certain urgent causes, the King had discharged the Earl of Kent." (de Mowbray), Thomas 1st Duke of Norfolk (I740)
 
11 "He is said to have had 16 children—8 sons and 2 daughters by the first wife, and 2 sons and 4 daughters by the second." (Howard), Thomas 2nd Duke of Norfolk (I404)
 
12 "He is so referred to in contemporary documents. But it should be noted that he was so styled seven months before he was summoned to Parliament, which suggests that the writ [was] issued in virtue of some other form of creation." (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
13 "He was a zealous Yorkist, and was knighted by Edward IV at the battle of Towton, 29 Mar. 1461. ..."  (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
14 "He was summoned to Parliament from 15 Oct. (1470) 49 Hen. VI to 15 Nov. (1482) 22 Edw. IV, by writs directed Johanni Howard de Howard, Militi, and Johanni Howard, Chivaler, whereby he is held to have become Lord Howard." (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
15 "Her body was removed, 13 Oct., to Lambeth (Surrey Arch. Coll., vol. ix, p. 398), where she had prepared her tomb. Her will (abstract, Idem, p. 427), P.C.C., 40 Pynnyng, is signed Agnes Norff.Tylney, Agnes (I693)
 
16 "In 1542 he and his wife, Barbara, conveyed the manor and the advowson of the church of Great Bromley, Essex, to William Cardinal, Gent." Guildford, Sir John (I717)
 
17 "In July 1529, in a deposition as to her presence at the marriage of Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon in 1501, she gave her age as 52 years and more (P.R.O. Dipl. Doc. 1456). She bore the Queen's train at the Coronation of Anne Boleyn, 1 June 1533 (Coll. of Arms MS., WZ, fo. 47); and was godmother to the Princess Mary in 1516, and to Princess Elizabeth in 1533. In an interesting letter to Wolsey in 1528 (L. and P. Hen. VIII, vol. iv, pt. 2, p. 2043) she describes her treatment of her neighbours for the plague or sweating sickness. In 1541 she was imprisoned in the Tower (with her son Lord William Howard and Margaret his wife, and her daughter the Countess of Bridgwater), and attainted for misprision of treason in concealing the "evil life" of her granddaughter, Catherine Howard, before her marriage to the King (Statutes of the Realm, vol. iii, p. 858; Ch. Inq. p. m., Ser. II, 69/160, 189, 192). She was released 5 May 1542." Tylney, Agnes (I693)
 
18 "In Oct. 1382, as the King's kinsman and young knight, he had a hunting licence." (de Mowbray), Thomas 1st Duke of Norfolk (I740)
 
19 "In the Chron. of London (E. Tyrrell) it is stated that at Leicester on Whitsunday (1426) King Harry with his own hands dubbed a number of knights, including Sir George Nevyle, lord of Latymer. As the addition of his style anticipates his succession to the estates by four years, the account is apparently not contemporary." (Neville), George 1st Lord Latimer (I897)
 
20 "In the reign of Henry V, Richard Berners 'had the reputation of a Baron of this realm, though nothing of his creation or summons to Parliament that I could ever see,' says Dugdale, 'doth appear thereof;' ob. 1421, s.p.m.." See Nicolas, reproduced by CourthopeBerners, Richard (I909)
 
21 "It is doubtful if she was fully acknowledged as the king's child, though she received a pension. ... She was reputed to have the power of 'touching for the king's evil.'" Walters, Mary (I255)
 
22 "It is supposed that his remains were removed at the Dissolution, and some say that the brasses were moved to the Howard chapel at Lambeth (Surrey Arch. Coll., vol. ix, p. 397). Will, P.C.C., 23 Bofelde (abstract Idem, vol. ix, p. 427)." (Howard), Thomas 2nd Duke of Norfolk (I404)
 
23 "Opposition to Richard III's seizure of power surfaced quickly, and in July 1483 there was an unsuccessful conspiracy to rescue the two princes from the Tower. But by September Richard's opponents had adopted Henry Tudor as their claimant for the throne, which strongly implies that they believed Edward V and his brother to be dead. The fate of the princes has been the subject of considerable controversy, but their murder on Richard's orders late in the summer of 1483 remains the most probable explanation for their disappearance. The lack of any public statement about their death meant that uncertainties persisted. No pretender emerged in Richard III's own brief reign, but in the 1490s Perkin Warbeck's claims to be Richard, duke of York, gained considerable backing, not all of it factitious."
--Oxford D.N.B. (Rosemary Horrox) 
(Plantagenet), Richard 1st Duke of York (I362)
 
24 "She was a legatee in the 1525 will of her father, who bequeathed her 500 marks for her marriage." West, Hon. Barbara (I723)
 
25 "The death of his mother, in Feb. 1483/4, made him, according to modern doctrine, Lord Poynings [1337]." (Percy), Henry 4th Earl of Northumberland (I763)
 
26 "The Earl was made sheriff of Northumberland for life, 14 Aug. 1474, and (by Henry VII) during pleasure, 12 Feb. 1487/8." (Percy), Henry 4th Earl of Northumberland (I763)
 
27 Death by malmsey

"The king certainly led the prosecution of his brother. Edward may, however, have later repented: he had to be pushed into proceeding with Clarence's execution; he provided for an expensive funeral, monument, and chantry foundation at Tewkesbury Abbey; and he is alleged to have bewailed Clarence's death. One modern study regards Clarence's death as a judicial murder organized by the family of the queen, who persuaded King Edward to participate against his better judgement. If the queen really regarded Clarence as a threat to the succession of her son, certainly his removal substantially strengthened the king's authority over his greater subjects, as the Crowland continuator alleged.

"There is no doubt that Clarence was executed for treason in the Tower of London on 18 February 1478. It appears, however, that he was neither hanged nor beheaded, as was normal, but was drowned in a butt of malmsey wine (sweet wine imported from Greece). This strange story occurs in the earliest reports, of Jean de Roye and Mancini, and was evidently known to the Crowland continuator, who declares himself uncertain. No chronicler suggests any other mode of death."

--Oxford D.N.B. (Michael Hicks) 
(Plantagenet), George Duke of Clarence (I368)
 
28 Inq. p. m. 30 Apr. (1476) 16 Edw. IV. (Bourchier), John 1st Lord Berners (I907)
 
29 jure uxoris Guildford, George (I713)
 
30 jure uxoris Guildford, George (I713)
 
31 jure uxoris Guildford, George (I713)
 
32 A full account of the ceremony is in College of Arms MS. WB., folios 82–90. A long account is printed in Martin's Thetford, Appendix 38. (Howard), Thomas 2nd Duke of Norfolk (I404)
 
33 A nun. (Plantagenet), Lady Isabel of Gloucester (I507)
 
34 Admon. was granted 23 June 1563, to Ursula, his relict. (Stafford), Henry 1st Baron Stafford (I439)
 
35 After being imprisoned in the Tower of London 4 November 1538, he was attainted (whereupon all his honours were forfeited) and declared guilty of treason 2 December 1538. (Pole), Henry 1st and last Baron Montagu (I387)
 
36 Afterwards he was taken to Wigmore, to which abbey he had been a liberal benefactor, having rebuilt the Abbey church. (Mortimer), Edmund 3rd Earl of March (I456)
 
37 Aged 10 in 1485, 18 in 1494, 28 in 1506. Mortimer, Elizabeth (I712)
 
38 Aged 24 in 1466 Mortimer, Robert (I708)
 
39 Ancestor of the Stewarts of Eday. (Stewart), Robert 1st Earl of Orkney (I272)
 
40 Ancestor of the Stewarts, Earls of Bothwell. (Stewart), John Lord Darnley (I273)
 
41 Appointed on 1 Feb. 1390/91, for 5 years from 1 June. (de Mowbray), Thomas 1st Duke of Norfolk (I740)
 
42 As Henry Stafford he was granted by the King, 20 Dec. 1522, several of the estates in Staffordshire and elsewhere, forfeited by his father. This grant was confirmed by Act of Parliament, 14 and 15 Hen. VIII. (Stafford), Henry 1st Baron Stafford (I439)
 
43 As to his election, see Paston Letters, volume i, pages 337, 340, 341. It was presumably this John Howard who was M.P. for Suffolk in 1449 and 1467. (Howard), John 1st Duke of Norfolk (I698)
 
44 At Henry VIII's coronation (Stafford), Edward 3rd Duke of Buckingham (I768)
 
45 At Henry VIII's coronation (Stafford), Edward 3rd Duke of Buckingham (I768)
 
46 At the coronation of Elizabeth, wife of Edward IV. (Stafford), Henry 2nd Duke of Buckingham (I762)
 
47 Bacheler of Arts (B.A.) (Hamilton), James 2nd Duke of Abercorn (I28)
 
48 Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) (Spencer), Albert Edward John 7th Earl Spencer (I16)
 
49 Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) (Roche), Edmund Maurice Burke 4th Baron Fermoy (I18)
 
50 Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) Hamilton, Captain Lord Claud David (I75)
 

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